What is oil and gas pipeline transportation?
Pipeline transportation is a long-distance transportation mode of conveying liquid and gas materials with pipelines as the means of transportation. It is a transportation mode specially designed to transport oil, coal and chemical products from the production place to the market. It is a special component of trunk line transportation in the unified transportation network.In some cases, the pneumatic tube can do the same, to compress the gas to transport the solid chamber, and the cargo inside.Pipeline transportation of petroleum products is more expensive than water transportation, but it is still cheaper than railway transportation.Most pipelines are used by their owners to transport their own products.
Why we use pipeline transportation?
Pipeline transport is not only rapid,continuous, economic, safe, reliable, stable, less investment, less footprint, low cost, but also can realize automatic control.In addition to being widely used in long-distance transportation of oil and natural gas, it can also transport ores, coal, building materials, chemicals and grains, etc.Pipeline transportation can shorten the transportation cycle, reduce the transportation cost and improve the transportation efficiency.At present, the development trend of pipeline transportation is as follows: the diameter of pipeline is increasing constantly, and the transportation capacity is greatly improved;the haul distance of pipelines increases rapidly;transportation materials from petroleum, natural gas, chemical products and other fluids gradually expanded to coal, ore and other non-fluid materials.
As far as liquids and gases are concerned, any substance that is chemically stable can be transported by steel pipes.Therefore, waste water, mud, water, and even beer can be transported by steel pipes.In addition, pipelines are important for transporting oil and gas – most companies check their pipelines regularly and use pipeline detectors to clean them.
Advantages of pipeline transportation:
- Volume of transport is large:
A pipeline can carry an endless stream of oil.Depending on the size of its pipe diameter, it can transport millions to tens of millions of tons, or even more than 100 million tons each year.
- Small floor space:
Transportation pipelines are usually buried underground and occupy little land.Transportation system construction practice proves that the pipeline buried underground part accounts for more than 95% of the total length of pipe, thus for permanent takes up very little land, only 3% of the highway, respectively, about 10% of the railway, in transport planning system, give priority to pipeline transport plan, to save the land resources, is of great significance.
- Short construction cycle and low cost:
A large number of practices in the construction of transportation systems at home and abroad have proved that the construction cycle of pipeline transportation system is generally more than 1/3 shorter than that of the railway construction cycle with the same amount of transportation and quantity.Meanwhile, statistics show that the cost of pipeline construction is about 60% lower than that of railway.
- Pipeline transportation is safe and reliable with strong continuity:
Due to oil and gas inflammable, explosive, volatile, easy to leak, adopts the pipeline transport method which is safe, and can greatly reduce the volatilization loss.At the same time, due to the leakage of transport materials,air, water and soil pollution can be greatly reduced. that is to say, steel pipeline transportation can well meet the greening engineering requirements.In addition, due to the basic trapped underground pipeline, the transportation process of bad and changeable climate condition the influence is small, can ensure that transport system run stably for a long time.
- Pipeline transportation has low energy consumption, low cost and good benefit:
The energy consumption per ton per kilometer is less than 1/7 of that of railway, and the transportation cost is close to that of water transportation in large quantities. Therefore, under the condition of no water, pipeline transportation is the most energy-saving transportation mode.Pipeline transportation is a kind of continuous engineering. There is no no-load travel in the transportation system, so the transportation efficiency of the system is high. Theoretical analysis and practical experience have proved that the larger the pipeline diameter is, the farther the transportation distance is, and the larger the transportation volume is, the lower the transportation cost will be.
As a professional supplier of seamless steel tubes with a variety of coatings (e.g., 3PE coated steel tubes, FBE coated steel tubes, 3PP coated steel tubes, polyurethane insulated steel tubes, etc.), IMRI can provide one-stop oil and gas pipeline supply service according to your project.